I was also interested in discussing, chiefly with Dr. Melchior, the bul)ject cf gcnc Mvi aiuf nomniclaturc. Regeli^ vulgare Josikaca Polygonaceae 77 Phae^nopyrum Rhodotypos kerrioides Rutaceae 137 Sapindaceae 165 Styracaceae 242 Saxifragaceae 117 Simarubaceae Ulmaceae 63 Verbenaceae 253 Solanaceae 256 Staphyle Bunmlda Vitaceae 170 Ampelopsis heterophylla quinquefolia MONOCOTYLEDONES Liliaceae 338 Y IN Te NNE H. Sv ENi lyrata Belamcanda Cimicifuga Clintonia borealis Coreopsis tripteris Diphyllaca lanceola Parthenium integrifc Petalostemo Gatting-( Polymnia mtegri Sedum Stachys tenuifc Streptopiis Viburnum Xyris alnifolium carolini; nudum Zanthorhiza Vernon i;i apiifolia altissima Seeds Collected : [N Tennessee a BY Mr. One can rarely walk through the grounds without seeing visitors reading and copying labels, studying plants, and learning their names. An increasing number of visitors come to the Information Desk in the Laboratory Building for printed matter, or to ask for information.
My stay in Berlin was favored with ideal fall weather, which encouraged walks in the botanic garden and the Griinewald forest 32 The garden includes about eighty acres. As this interest spreads and deepens there is l)C)und to be increasing sup- port of botanic gardens. During the year the Brooklyn Chanil)cr of Commerce issued a folder calling attention to the industrial and commercial rank of Brooklyn.
There geographical divisions: German forest, various European and other mountain regions, American forests, etc. Columbus, and on Novem- l)er I St reached Brooklyn, just three montlis after mv departure. Applications for seeds must be received by us n later than February 28, 1931. The Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences Ofeicbrs of the board of Trustees EDWARD C. The increase in population during the past ten years sons or nearly 40 families of fc )ur persons each per day for a decade, making Brooklyn the thi rd largest r nunicipal city in the western hemisphere, exceeded b^ V only Grej Iter New York (of which Brooklyn is a part) and Chicago. 'I"lu' manulactu R'd i)r(»(lurts of Brooklyn now amount, in round imniht Ts, to ,$i ,4o themse Ucs We ma\ be confident that it a public need is cleaih demonstiatcd md i pi ictu iblc wa\ of meeting that need is shown sc Kut\ will take taie of it m the futuie" A\c 1k]u\( ib U llu In Mdv ( 1 (lu ] i 1 lucil U xl u bis clcaih' Fig. Conservatory Plaza, fac le new Steps, with \\'ater Basin 1 cptember, 1930. Qiuada Agricultural Department Library, Ottawa, Canada Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Gen 17 Staitm^ seeds nidooi s h\1)iuary 15 The (mtd.
BROOKLYN BOTANIC GARDEN RECORD REPORT ON A EUROPEAN TRIP OF THE DIRECTOR To TPi E Botanic Garden Governing Committee: At its meeting on April 22, 1930, the Governing Committee au- thorized the director, as a delegate from the Brooklyn Botanic Gar- den, to attend the International Plorticultural Congress in London, August 7-15, and the Fifth International Botanical Congress in Cambridge, England, August 16-23. Lapland on Friday p.m., July 11, I landed at Cherbourg on Sunday, the 20th, and proceeded via Paris to Berne, inspecting the botanic garden there on July 21. Fischer has l^een the director for over twenty-five ])artments of the Hochschule Ikrn and the garden, like our own, renders a valualile service to the local schools in the supply of study material, and also encourages the visits of classes with their teach- ers.
I also visited the Museum of Anthropology, the Hermitage Art Museum, and the Winter Palace, formerly the Czar's residence, now a Museum of the Revolution, with pictures of war and sut Tering. Olmstead and Vaux in connection with the development of Central Park, New York, completed in 1858, and was repeated about nine years later as a feature of Prospect Park, Brooklyn, which was also designed by them. Said George Brown Good, in the Smithsonian Report for 1897, " The National Museum has 300,000 visitors a year, each of whom carries aimy a certain number of nciv thoughts." What thoughts and ideas would one carry away from visiting a perfectly main- tained public garden?
L., Librarian MONTAGUE FREE, Horticulturist ARTHUR HARMOUNT GRAVES, Ph. S., Curator of Elementary Instruction HENRY KNUTE SVENSON. D., Assistant Curator of Plants Japanese Gardening and Floral Art HAROLD A. B., Acting Assistant Curator of Elementary Instruction HELEN D. Ohl, librarian, kindly took out the most important systematic works of which I made a list, which was afterwards extended by Dr. I was assured there would be no difficulty in making an approximate list of the genera of the higher plants within the Soviet Union. PUTNAM Ex Officio Members of the Board THE MAYOR OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK THE PRESIDENT OF THE BOROUGH OF BROOKLYN THE COMMISSIONER OF PARKS, BOROUGH OF BROOKLYN GENERAL INFORMATION -All persons who are interested in the objects and of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden are eligible to membership. Annual Membership, $io yearly; Sustaining Membership, $25 yearly; Life Membership, $500. The Botanic Garden is open free to the public daily from 8 a.m. This is in recognition of the fact that a public garden (or park) is not a thing to be looked at from the street, but a place to go into, to escape from the streets and other aspects of the city — an attempt to preserve a bit of the country in urban surroundings. The First Governing Committee The first chairman of the Botanic Garden Governing Committee suggt'siions. These increased the acreage to approximately fifty, and the plans were revised to provide additional features, and additional area for each feature and each group of plants. "A finished museum," said a great museum administrator, " is a dead museum, and a dead museiuii is a useless museum." So it is with a botanic Research and Education Tin: inauguration and development of a program of botanical research and ])ul)]ic education has gone forward pari passu with the (Icvclopnient of the grounds, as our nineteen preceding annual 1 ITan-y l-jni Tsmi Fosdick, Harper's Magasine, January, 1931. It is near the geographic center of the greater city's largest borough, and is surrounded on all sides by a larger po])ulation — within a half hour's ride or less — than any other bo- tanic garden in the world.
For example, Frankenia occurs under 5233 under these various divi- Mr. Courtesy, 44 wall, of screening out the commotion and dust and, to a certain degree the distracting noise of the street. In cooiicration with Olmstead Brothers, landscape architects, comprehensive i)laus were made for the lay- out of the entire area as a botanic garden with s])ecialized planta- tions, and special features such, for exam])le, as tlie Brook, essen- tial to provide diversified conditions for different kinds of plant life. The North and South Additions After the firs t planting plans were made and in part realized, the city adde d tc 3 our original 40 acre^ ; two tracts si i known as the North Addition and the South Addition. For the realization of this aim the Brooklyn Botanic Garden is ideally located.
It has extensive collections of varieties of wheat and of economic plants in general. Entrances.— On Flatbush Avenue, near Empire Boulevard (Malbone Street), and near Mt. White's moral and fii lanual Mipix Mi .huan^ tlie early years (until his death in ]92i), i nsuu.l nunc lapid and sub.stantial jn-ogress than could have bee n possible with. Our ideal is to create here the most beautiful spot in Greater New York— a garden of rare beauty and design, perfectly main- tained, and with its value enhanced many fold by the educational and scientific work carried on.
D., Curator of Public Instructio ALFRED GUNDERSEN, Docteur de I'Universite (Paris), Curator of Ph GEORGE M. CAPARN, Consulting Landscape Architect RALPH CURTISS BENEDICT,^ Ph. The Institute of Applied Botany, in a central part of the city, was being remodeled. Full information concerning membership may be had by addressing The Director, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N. until dusk ; on Sundays and Holidays open at 10 a.m. Commissioner Young had also carried out the grading in such a way as to provide a diversified topography, with several attrac- tive little hills, and a picturesque lake. and ven / intelligent sympathy were of inestimable value during these eai ly ^ ears; and these fact., combined with Mr. White also -atheied about liini f rom the member.shi]) of the ]^)aid of Trus- UH-, a (.-\(■lnm^ t n mmittee whose underblanding inleu'sl made it a p Ka MU-e m mc M and surmount dii^icultie.s that might otlier- wise lia\i b(rii uiil_\ di scouraging impediments. whose death in 1921 was a i^rcat 1, ^s 1, -l„,ul(i also l,e noted here that of the original Gov- f members of the origi- nal committee were Mr. It is not necessary here to relate in detail the steps in the gradual development of the plantations. The italics Ideals for the Future A Pafccth Maintained Gaidcn )f ]nu ate places leali/e how essential it is to ha\c . In addition lo the large general poimlation surrounding it, the r.niaiiir Garden i aavssil.le, bv a ride of less than one hour, to the Jnjciit i\ecd olanic Garden Compared i the Bolanic ( 49 This condition is due solely to lack of sufficient funds.
Several specimens of Yew -gai dens' ' with small summei houses mil 11 to those I saw 1 leai Oslo Here the land is rented In a A night steame ;r took me over the Baltic to . Ditches, twenty or thirty 30 apart, run everywhere through the farming regions.
The trip was planned so as also to afford opportunity to visit a number of European botanic gardens. This garden is located on a sloping terrace overlooking the River Aare, and the planting is laid out on the systematic basis. The alpine section is an important feature, and the Garden has a cooperative agreement with the Alpengarten Schynige Platte by the terms of which the former has charge of the scientific and rork.
By making these ap- i)rivate fund, amounting to a total of 4,859.41. number of visitors to the Garden during its first 20 'I he iiiain U'nance. Of this amount the ( 'it_\ ha^ ]iaid in the Tax Budget appropriations for In olher words, the (iardfii has cost the City less than three quar- nfcrcnces u'ilh Tcachns 1930 19^9 Number of (liffereut scliools .... In addition to securing these generous contributions of private funds, the city has benefited by the permanent improvement of 50 acres of park huid ; by the development of a scientific and educa- tional institution not only serving important needs of the local public, but also the larger needs of science and education through- out the world; by the development of a free public library on all aspects of plant life; and by the establishment of an institution which cooperates to enrich the public school system and the work of every higher educational institution in the entire Greater City.